Posted by David Martin on May 19, 2018
Rotarian Warren Ferguson provided the program on Pakistan.
 Pakistan is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country with a similarly diverse geography.  It gained its independence in 1947, and has a population of about 215 million people. Pakistan has three governing entities: an elected national government, the military, and ISI (their intelligence agency).
America has a complicated history in Pakistan. One interesting book written by Steven Coll is titled Directorate S, which is about America's secret wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
China is building a deep water commercial port off the southern coast of Pakistan, and there is some suspicion that it could ultimately be a military strategy to enhance China's presence in the area.
Warren previously worked for a large engineering firm, and spent some time assessing Pakistan's communications network, which has some challenges.
Other interesting notes: Pakistan is estimated to have about 120 nuclear weapons compared to about 20 for India. Russia has had a volatile relationship with Pakistan over the years, but has recently gotten more friendly.